Soil gets compacted when air pockets between the components of soil collapse. This typically happens when there’s a lot of traffic in an area, such as when people are constantly walking around it (like at parks and outdoor concert venues), or when cars and heavy machinery pass through the area frequently. Soil also gets compacted when it doesn’t have enough organic material in it that prevents stickiness.
Several other reasons may lead to compacted soil. But regardless of the reason, compacted soil is a cause of serious concern as the condition makes it difficult for plants to grow and stay healthy. Roots struggle to grow deep, and therefore cannot get enough nutrients and water. It becomes common for roots to suffocate because water cannot seep through the ground. This of course usually leads to plant diseases or even the early demise of a plant.
The Role of Aeration
There are various strategies on how to reduce soil compaction and aeration is the most important one. Perforating the soil with holes to allow air, water and nutrients will improve growth of grass and other plants.
You can hire gardening experts for this task to get it done properly faster because they have the right aerating tools and skills for the job. A proven technique is to use plug aerators, which remove a core or plug of grass and soil from the lawn. The excavated soil plugs are allowed to dry and once dry, the soil is broken up through mowing. This is deemed a reliable way to aerate because the process doesn’t create compaction around the holes.
On the other hand, you don’t want to frequently aerate your soil especially because it’s a lot of work and only optimally effective during specific times of the year. These soil compaction preventive strategies can be your contribution.
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